Diamond Fact: The largest rough diamond ever
found in the world is the Cullinan Diamond from
South Africa: 3,106 carats.
Diamond Fact: The typical brilliant-cut diamond
has 58 facets; 33 on the crown (top) and 25 on
the pavilion (bottom).
Diamond Fact: Diamonds are the hardest substance
on earth, but because they have grain, they can
be chipped if struck.
Diamond Fact: 80% of the world's diamonds are
not suitable for jewelry.
Diamond Fact: Most diamonds found in nature are
1 million to 3 million years old. Diamond Fact:
Diamonds are created deep within the earth, 75
miles or deeper. They are carried to the surface
by kimberlite pipes which form in certain types
Diamond Fact: A rough diamond will lose 40% -
70% of its weight in the cutting process.
Diamond Fact: Only a diamond cuts another
Diamond Fact: The Greek root word for diamond
The History of Diamonds
The Romans believed that diamonds brought
courage and bravery during battle. Jewish high
priests used diamonds to decide the innocence or
guilt of the accused: A stone held before a
guilty person dulled and darkened; a stone held
before an innocent person glowed with increased
The Hindus believed that this brilliant gem was
created when bolts of lightning struck rocks. To
be effective as a talisman, the gem would have
to be given as a token of love or friendship. If
bought or sold, it would lose its powers.
April's birthstone, diamond is said to be at its
most potent when set in steel. Of course today's
diamonds are set in gold or platinum.
A symbol of innocence, justice, faith and
strength, the diamond was believed to make its
wearers courageous and victorious over their
enemies. When set in gold and worn on the left
side, it held the power to drive away nightmares
and soothe savage beasts. Diamonds were even
thought to be so powerful that they could stop