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Diamond Facts

Diamond Fact: The largest rough diamond ever found in the world is the Cullinan Diamond from South Africa: 3,106 carats.

Diamond Fact: The typical brilliant-cut diamond has 58 facets; 33 on the crown (top) and 25 on the pavilion (bottom).

Diamond Fact: Diamonds are the hardest substance on earth, but because they have grain, they can be chipped if struck.

Diamond Fact: 80% of the world's diamonds are not suitable for jewelry.

Diamond Fact: Most diamonds found in nature are 1 million to 3 million years old. Diamond Fact: Diamonds are created deep within the earth, 75 miles or deeper. They are carried to the surface by kimberlite pipes which form in certain types of volcanoes.

Diamond Fact: A rough diamond will lose 40% - 70% of its weight in the cutting process.

Diamond Fact: Only a diamond cuts another diamond.

Diamond Fact: The Greek root word for diamond means unconquerable.

The History of Diamonds
The Romans believed that diamonds brought courage and bravery during battle. Jewish high priests used diamonds to decide the innocence or guilt of the accused: A stone held before a guilty person dulled and darkened; a stone held before an innocent person glowed with increased brilliance.

The Hindus believed that this brilliant gem was created when bolts of lightning struck rocks. To be effective as a talisman, the gem would have to be given as a token of love or friendship. If bought or sold, it would lose its powers. April's birthstone, diamond is said to be at its most potent when set in steel. Of course today's diamonds are set in gold or platinum.

A symbol of innocence, justice, faith and strength, the diamond was believed to make its wearers courageous and victorious over their enemies. When set in gold and worn on the left side, it held the power to drive away nightmares and soothe savage beasts. Diamonds were even thought to be so powerful that they could stop lechery.

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